plumbingIn most cases, plumbing problems usually revolve around a couple of things: Clogged drains and Water leaks.  One thing is for certain, it always pays to be familiar with your plumbing system so you know what to do if you get a water leak and can minimize the damage caused by plumbing problems, as well as fix minor problems on your own.  The Number 1, most important thing you can do is find out where the main water shutoff valve is and how to shut it off. This is usually either in your basement or crawlspace possibly outside your home, if you can not find it or don’t know how to turn it off, contact the pro’s at CALLAWAY Plumbing and Drains Ltd. and have them show you where it is.  Being able to shut your water off at the main water supply valve can be vital to reducing damage to your home if a pipe was to burst. You should also check each plumbing fixture (water heaters, sinks, toilets, etc.) for their own shutoff valves and verify they work.  If the valves fail to turn off water to the fixture, you should have them fixed by a professional plumber immediately. These valves come in very handy when the need arises to repair individual plumbing fixtures. If an fixture has no valves, you will need to shut off your water at the main valve to repair it.

blocked drainWhen it comes to clogged and slow drains, a little prevention goes along way.  In the tub or shower, invest in an inexpensive hair trap or screen to prevent the majority of hair from going down the drain.  In the kitchen, dump food or pour cooking grease down your drain, it can harden and coat your pipes with a sticky scum that will catch other debris and eventually clog the pipe.  Instead, pour it in a can or milk container and dispose of it with your garbage once it’s cooled. You should also avoid dumping coffee grounds down the drain they are notorious for causing clogs. Maintaining your drains on a weekly basis is also a good idea to keep your pipes clear. One way to do this is to pour a half-cup of salt, a half-cup of baking soda and a half-cup of vinegar down the drain and follow with two quarts of boiling water. If you do encounter a clog, don’t panic. Clogs and slow drains most commonly occur in areas that can be easily cleared on your own without the help of a pro however if more than one drain or toilet is affected, you should contact a plumber/drain cleaner as this could be a main sewer blockage.  First, try a plunger. There is also the option of using chemicals, however they are very harmful to the environment and can cause damage to your pipes and possibly you.  Be sure to follow the package instructions when using them.  Leaks can be slowed or stopped until you’re able to get a professional plumber out to your home or business. If you would like a thorough, professional inspection of your plumbing system by an expert, please contact CALLAWAY Plumbing and Drain Ltd.